ABOUT THIS GUIDEBOOK
State governments play an important role in electric vehicle market development by complementing national actions with policies that fit local conditions. States also act as a bridge between national and city governments.1 To assist state-level policymakers in designing wellrounded electric vehicle policy packages, this guidebook identifies and summarizes international best practices in promoting electric vehicles.
All suggestions in the guidebook are compiled from reviews of electric vehicle strategies and policies in 32 states or provinces and major cities in India and around the world.2 These areas have been highly ambitious in seeking to bring electric vehicles into the mainstream and are leading electric vehicle development efforts in the United States, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and India by adopting comprehensive policies to increase electric vehicle adoption. This guidebook identifies an effective strategic approach and selects policy actions that can be 1 India is a member of a multi-governmental forum Electric Vehicle Initiatives (EVI) which launched an EV 30@30 campaign in 2017, setting a goal of achieving 30% new EV sales by 2030 in member countries.
To that end, the government of India launched the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (“FAME India”) in March 2015. 2 This guidebook summarizes policies proposed or adopted by December 31, 2018. The 32 regions include nine states in the United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Utah, and Washington; three provinces in Canada: British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec; four cities in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Xi’an and one province: Zhejiang; five cities in Europe: Amsterdam, London, Oslo, Paris, and Stockholm and one province in Germany: BadenWürttemberg; one city in Japan: Tokyo; and eight states in India: Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. applied by state-level governments in India.
Specifically, this guidebook:
• Introduces an electric vehicle policy development cycle, which state governments can follow in both electric vehicle promotion and stakeholder integration.
• Details the five components of this policy cycle, which policymakers can use to establish a strong electric vehicle strategy: identifying the electric vehicle development opportunity, understanding the barriers hindering the diffusion of electric mobility, developing an electric vehicle policy package, implementing policies, and evaluating policy outcomes.
• Recommends 83 policy actions to address five market barriers for electric vehicle development.
• Links recommended measures with real-world practices via a case study. Battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are covered in this guidebook. Fuel cell electric vehicles are not included because the technology and infrastructure for them is at a nascent stage. The content of this guidebook applies to all vehicle segments—private, public, and commercial ownership—and includes two-, three-, and four-wheelers.
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