What is EV Charging and How Does it Work?

What is EV Charging and How Does it Work?

As technology advances, more and more people are making the switch from gasoline-powered automobiles to electric ones. Electric vehicles are becoming increasingly popular. The majority of individuals do not want to have to worry about their car running out of power while they are driving, which is one of the most significant concerns regarding electric vehicles. However, this is no longer a concern because there are charging stations in numerous locations. Therefore, what is EV charging? And how is it carried out? Find out by reading on!

More people will soon buy electric vehicles (EVs) than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, according to research.

What is the primary distinction between EVs and conventional automobiles with internal combustion engines (ICEs)? EVs emit no emissions at all, whereas ICE vehicles emit carbon dioxide emissions as soon as they start.

Electric vehicles are eco-friendly because they do not use gasoline or diesel. EVs need to be charged rather than fueled. We’ll tell you what EV charging is and how it works in this article.

What is EV Charging?

EVs need to be charged, just like a cell phone, to maintain sufficient power. Using equipment to charge an electric vehicle (EV), electricity is delivered to the vehicle’s battery. To charge an electric vehicle, a EV charging station uses the electrical grid. Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) is the technical term for electric vehicle charging stations.

A home charging station, a public charging station, or a workplace charging station are all options for EV drivers to choose from.

The term “residential EV charging” refers to using a Level 2 charger to charge an electric vehicle at home (more on EV charging levels below).

The fleet of electric vehicles, multifamily units, and workplace charging stations all qualify for commercial electric car charging. Customers and employees alike are welcome to make use of commercial electric vehicle charging stations. Public access to many commercial EV charging stations is also available.

Check out our comprehensive guide to learn more about commercial EV charging.

How is EV charging carried out?

Through a connector or plug, an EV charger delivers electric current to the electric vehicle from the grid. To power its electric motor, an electric vehicle stores that electricity in a large battery pack.

An electric vehicle (EV) charger’s connector is connected via a charging cable to the electric vehicle’s inlet, which is comparable to a conventional vehicle’s gas tank.

Only direct current (DC) power is accepted by EV batteries.

What are the various charging levels for electric vehicles?

There are three main types of charging for electric vehicles: Levels 1, 2, and 3 are typically referred to as DC fast charging or rapid charging.

A standard 120-volt wall plug, which can be found in most homes and garages in the United States, can be used to charge the Level 1 device. Level 1 charging is typically reserved for home charging at night because it is extremely slow. Level 1 charging can take more than 24 hours to fully charge an electric vehicle battery.

Level 2 chargers are typically found in homes and public charging stations and operate on 240 volts. A Level 2 charger is up to 15 times faster than a Level 1 charger! An electric clothes dryer-compatible 208- or 240-volt outlet is required for Level 2 EV charging stations. A dedicated circuit must be installed by an electrician because the majority of homes lack such an additional outlet in the garage or driveway.

The quickest way to charge an electric vehicle is with a DC fast charger or rapid charger, which uses more than 480 volts.

Level 1 and Level 2 chargers supply an electric vehicle with alternating current (AC), which is transformed into direct current (DC) by the vehicle’s battery. DC power can only be delivered to an EV battery. A DC rapid charging station, on the other hand, delivers DC directly to the electric vehicle without converting the electrical current. Due to the AC/DC conversion process, Level 1 and Level 2 chargers recharge electric vehicles much more slowly.

Level 3 charging, also known as DC fast charging, comes in three flavors: CHAdeMO (pronounced “CHArge de MOve”), the Tesla Supercharger, and the Combined Charging System (CCS). Cars equipped with CHAdeMO have a separate port for AC charging, whereas CCS permits AC/DC charging through the same port.

A DC fast charger is not suitable for all electric vehicles. DC fast chargers are only used in commercial settings and can’t be installed in homes for a number of reasons. First, homes don’t have enough electrical capacity for a DC rapid charger, electric vehicle drivers don’t need that fast of a charge for overnight home charging, and installing a DC fast charger is much more expensive than installing a Level 2 charger because of the improvements that need to be made to the electrical infrastructure.

A DC fast charging station, on the other hand, may be the best EV charging option for a business in terms of commercial applications. DC rapid chargers, for instance, are ideal for highway public charging stations and fleet charging.

Here, you can learn more about fleet charging.

What is the speed of Tesla Superchargers?

Over 25,000 Tesla Superchargers can be found worldwide. Tesla claims to have the world’s largest fast-charging network.

A Tesla battery can be charged in about 30 minutes at a Tesla Supercharger. Home installations of Tesla Superchargers are not permitted. A Supercharger is the only way for a Tesla EV driver to charge in public places like shopping malls, retail establishments, or along roadways.

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