“Battery-as-a-service” or “battery swapping” lets owners of electric vehicles swap out their dead batteries at swap stations.
There is a revolution taking place in the automotive industry. India has already set ambitious goals for reducing emissions, and one important area where emissions can be significantly reduced is the automobile industry. Today, three of the main disadvantages of EV adoption will undoubtedly emerge from any discussion. The usual charging infrastructure, the physical space required for these public chargers in metropolitan areas, and the initial cost of an EV are all relatively expensive in comparison to their ICE counterparts.
The construction of infrastructure, such as charging and battery swapping stations, is receiving more attention as EV adoption rises. It’s unmistakable after the new spending plan that the public authority intends to lay out battery-trade administration guidelines, zeroing in on electric two and three-wheelers that ship clients and take special care of last-mile conveyance.
Finance Minister Nirmal Sitharaman announced that interoperability standards and a policy for swapping batteries will be implemented by the government in light of the limited space available for large-scale charging stations in metropolitan areas. The term “Battery or Energy as a Service” is frequently used to describe the government’s plan to encourage private businesses to create environmentally friendly and innovative business models for battery swapping. During the presentation of the Union Budget for 2022-23, the finance minister stated, “This will boost EV ecosystem efficiency.” A draft note provided by the government think tank states that NITI Aayog is working with other organizations, including the Department of Science and Technology and the Bureau of Indian Standards, to develop precise technical standards for batteries.
We must first comprehend the concept of battery swapping or battery-as-a-service before we can fully comprehend India’s consideration of battery swapping.
What does Battery Swapping means?
Battery trading, as the name infers, is a method for keeping a vehicle working by changing out the battery. Subsequently, battery trading, otherwise called battery-as-a-administration, empowers EV proprietors to trade out depleted batteries for charged ones at trade stations. This will address the issue of delaying time at public charging stations, as well as drivers’ reach concerns. Besides, battery renting can help EV proprietors to get a good deal on battery buys. In contrast with charging at a charging station, which could require hours, in principle, the battery trading administration is quicker and requires a couple of moments. This innovation has opened a universe of opportunities for armada proprietors who need to keep their vehicles working without stressing over charging time.
What are the pros and cons of this technology?
The advantages of a battery trading framework are self-evident, for example, the capacity to charge batteries in minutes, considering greater adaptability in a trade office. With managed charging conditions, battery renting replaces battery proprietorship, bringing down the underlying expense of EVs and expanding battery duration projection, and not failing to remember battery trade station takes up a small part of the region of a charging station.
Then again, the disadvantages need more reflection. For example, there is an absence of consistency across electric vehicle batteries, and the battery pack configuration isn’t reasonable for speedy fix. Battery packs likewise have a more limited business life inferable from client interest for new batteries with a more drawn out reach and power for a few EVs. Following that, OEMs’ sluggish reception of charging techniques, higher battery renting costs all through the EV’s life, and a higher GST on discrete batteries (18%) contrasted with batteries sold with the EV (5%) are barriers that must be handled.
Alternately, as the interest for EVs develops, makers are consistently arranging and testing more current models. Numerous business organizations and government-supported associations, like EESL, BSES, and Sun Portability, are now sending off charging stations in the battery trading region. Armada administrators like Delhivery, Flipkart, Amazon, and Dominoes, then again, have communicated interest in utilizing the Trading Battery benefits to reduce conveyance expenses and protect the climate. Also, Ola has its e-cart battery changing plant in Gurgaon where around 14 battery-trading gadgets, each with 20 battery packs, controlling 100+ e-carts at the station.
In any case, there are a couple of worries that require speedy consideration with regards to conveying Battery-as-a-administration.
We talked with Arun Sreyas Reddy, the organizer behind RACEnergy, quite possibly of the most encouraging player in the business which supplies completely swappable battery packs and battery trading stations for EVs, about this. By 2023, they want to establish their presence on other continents and establish the most extensive battery-swapping network in India.
What kind of arguments would India have as a result of swapping batteries? How well will the market take to the idea of swapping out batteries?
For a battery swapping model to be successful, excellent swapping technologies and batteries are required. Sadly, a number of products sold in haste are unsuitable for trading. Swapping has enormous market potential when executed correctly, particularly in India. Without the need to purchase batteries or worry about battery warranties, swapping simulates the feel of petroleum. Trading is a shelter for clients who need parking spot and an adequate electrical association. When users need to be on the road as much as possible and don’t have time to charge their cars, this is especially helpful.
In order to save money, fleet operators may need to swap batteries. However, swappable batteries may become obsolete as alternative technologies like fuel cells or rapid charging outperform them.
Battery swapping is used by fleet operators, but they are not the best users. The majority of fleet operators have the ability, financial resources, and parking space to acquire charging vehicles. The majority of them even have predetermined itineraries, allowing them to plan their trips and charge appropriately. Battery charging will benefit the aforementioned users. Large vehicles like buses and lorries that travel between cities can benefit from flow batteries or fuel cells. Additionally, flow batteries are excellent energy stores. Utilizing these in small vehicles like two-wheelers and three-wheelers would be difficult. In the future, transportation will not be dominated by a single fuel or cell. Instead, all cells and energy sources, including gasoline and diesel, will coexist.
Battery swapping is simple for electric 2-wheelers and even 3-wheelers; however, how automated will battery swapping stations need to be for e-buses and e-trucks, which have large batteries? Additionally, it would consume more space than charging stations?
Robotic arms must be used to completely automate these stations. The vehicle’s and the battery bay’s batteries would be swapped out by the robotic arm. This system normally requires something like 5 minutes. No, this takes up no more space than a charging station would. A typical charging station with two chargers, assuming a super-fast charging duration of 30 minutes—for which there are additional grid and infra-related issues—would necessitate a parking space for two automobiles and be able to only handle those two in that time. However, a vehicle exchange station would necessitate two parking spaces. One parking space is designated for car swapping, and the other holds batteries. The number of batteries that can be kept here is unrestricted; Because the robotic arm will pick them up, they can be stacked quite high, just like bicycle parking machines in Japan. With a switch time of five minutes, this location can handle six automobiles simultaneously.
Automobile manufacturers do not appear to have any plans to standardize batteries or vehicles at this time. Without batteries that are plug-and-play compatible with any car, SUV, or pickup, how can battery swap solve this issue?
Vehicles and batteries are not intended for standardization. It is impossible, and it would be a feat of science fiction to accomplish it. There are many different kinds of vehicles, each with its own set of uses. Swapping is not meant to be standardized because there is no such thing as a universal form factor. Additionally, a vehicle cannot accommodate multiple battery types of varying brands and chemistry (since multiple batteries are frequently required). There would be multiple battery form factors, most likely encompassing three to four standards, and these standards would coexist.
On the other hand, the government and the industry have been working on a few things to improve the quality of support for end users of Battery-as-a-service.
Although battery swapping is a high-CAPEX industry, its viability is increasing. In addition, we are on the verge of cell-level localization in India with the announcement of the PLI ACC plan, which will lead to cheaper batteries in three to five years. The small Taiwanese town of Gogoro has already demonstrated to the rest of the world that battery swapping for light vehicles can be extremely profitable. It is essential to keep in mind that EO must ensure a high density of swapping outlets throughout the city. Some businesses have chosen to build switching stations in Kirana stores, where shop owners stock two to three batteries that can be switched quickly, while others have chosen to use existing gasoline pumps. At long last, India’s EV goals are predicated on the fruitful change of 2W and 3W autos into electric vehicles. In a nation like India, which leads the world in light vehicle form factors, the swapping game is just getting started and has enormous potential.
Many industry manufacturers and solution providers are working on measures to make electric vehicles more affordable, simple to charge, and economical to operate. Electric vehicles are becoming more popular in today’s world, particularly in the commercial vehicle space. Battery swapping is one such technology that offers fleet managers all of these advantages. As the name suggests, a battery swapping technology is a method by which a user can swap batteries to keep the vehicle running.
Multiple batteries are continuously charged at a swapping station that is being installed at any given location. An electric vehicle user can find a swapping station, charge an empty battery, replace the dying battery, and then go to work. For fleet owners who want to keep their vehicles running without worrying about how long it will take to charge them, battery swapping technology has opened up numerous opportunities.
In battery swapping, EV users swap out their dead batteries at swap stations for new ones that are charged. It reduces drivers’ range anxiety and helps solve the problem of setting up charging stations. In addition, leasing batteries can help electric vehicle owners save money on battery purchases. To charge at a battery station, which could take hours, it takes very little time and requires very little infrastructure.
More than 12 million tonnes of lithium-ion batteries are likely to be retired by 2030, according to the study. It requires environmental and human-impacting raw materials like lithium, nickel, and cobalt. Additionally, batteries generate a significant amount of electronic waste when they expire. In order to keep materials in circulation and reduce reliance on mining, numerous industry players are working on methods for disposing of dead batteries and extracting valuable metals on a large scale. The battery should be used for longer in other industries if we can find a better solution.
Currently, the cost of the battery accounts for between 40% and 70% of the initial cost of an electric vehicle. The upfront cost can be transferred to the energy operator’s network, thereby shifting the cost of ownership to operations, if these batteries are sold separately. Interoperability and the swapping of batteries can be important here because they help to build the supply chain’s network to encourage more people to use electric vehicles, which in turn will speed up the transition.
The technology transition and the function of mobility are two of the two goals of modern mobility solutions. To help change this ecosystem, we need an aggressive target and a proper plan for swapping batteries.
Utilize common battery technology: Switching batteries will be made simpler by standard battery design features like pack size, cavity, electric power control unit, and output performance per unit. Economy of scale can be achieved more quickly thanks to these innovations.
Reusing of EV Batteries: India has a huge opportunity in battery recycling. To facilitate repurposing, swapped batteries can be constructed with a recycling-friendly design. The use of recycled materials in the manufacturing and recycling of these electric vehicle batteries will eliminate sourcing, which will increase vehicle unit costs.
TOP CARSSee All ZS EV ZS EV Electric | Automatic 21 Lakhs* Onwards Get Road PriceAdd to Compare ZS EV 2022 ZS EV 2022 Electric | Automatic 21.99 Lakhs* Onwards Get Road PriceAdd to Compare Nexon EV Nexon EV Electric | Automatic 13.99 Lakhs* Onwards Get Road PriceAdd to Compare Battery-as-a-Service (BaaS): Like other functional batteries or liquefied petroleum gas, batteries must be treated as a service segment. To subsidise per-kilometer operations rather than the purchase price, the incentives must be extended to battery units. The standard operating procedure for energy operators and gross-cost financing models can aid in the search for economically viable solutions.
Battery Swapping’s subscription-based business model: In order to increase users’ confidence in the availability of BaaS and gain their trust, it can be made available to them through a subscription model.
Increasing co-dependence: When switching out EV batteries, it’s critical to figure out the value-chain propositions for users, drivers, energy providers, urban local governments, and financial institutions. The inventory of previous existing modes, the land infrastructure, space for parking, spaces for charging infrastructure, and the EO network in cities should also be worked on by many startups and large EV manufacturers.
To put the technology for intelligent transport systems into use: making use of and encouraging the use of digital applications that make use of databases to help with the human-to-machine and machine-to-machine interface. This helps to increase the use of EV and battery swapping stations, gain traction, ensure that operations are efficient, that safety is detected, that deliveries go smoothly, and make the EV ecosystem more convenient.
Electric vehicles are becoming increasingly popular all over the world. An EV is more expensive than an ICE vehicle, according to industry standards, and the battery pack accounts for at least half of the difference. To cut costs, many manufacturers are selling batteries separately from vehicles. If this is the case, a fleet owner can save money by purchasing vehicles without batteries and using battery swapping to power them.
Range anxiety and the fear of running out of battery power without access to a charging station are two of the primary factors preventing people from purchasing electric vehicles. The lack of readily available charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) makes range anxiety even worse, particularly when traveling long distances. The charging process is comparable to that of mobile battery charging and there are one or two charging stations available. When fuel pumps can fill a tank in just five minutes, the best and fastest charger will replenish 80 percent of the battery in almost an hour. If you have a swapping station, all you have to do to get a new battery is find a station and head there.
By finalizing the incentives for the battery switching program, our government is also attempting to address this issue. The services that swap batteries for three-wheeled auto-rickshaws and two-wheeled vehicles like electric scooters and motorcycles are the primary focus of the policy. Customers of electric vehicles (EVs) will be eligible for incentives of up to 20% on the subscription or lease cost of the battery under the policy. In India, battery swapping technologies have not yet gained much traction, so charging is preferred. In the post-transition phase, changing batteries is an excellent alternative to fueling automobiles.
Swappable batteries can reduce concerns about range and availability while also being compact. However, in order to ensure that operations run smoothly, it will mirror the existing network of fueling stations. The venture from numerous confidential areas can be utilized for activities of the store network organizations and food of energy administrators. A service segment emerges from the network of energy operators and the swapping of batteries. These exchange stations can’t function without access to and connectivity to this energy infrastructure. Therefore, it is critical to develop long-term business strategies that can be used to.