EV Homologation: Cost, Process, Requirements, and Testing Organization
Homologation is the permission of an official authority. A group of academics or professionals, a government department, or a court of law could all use a set of standards to decide whether or not such approval should be given.
What is Homologation and Why it is Important for Electric Vehicles? Why it is important for EVs? Cost of Vehicle (including EV) Homologation in India? Vehicle Homologation Process? Vehicle Homologation Requirements? Homologation Testing Organization in India NATRIP Architecture of Testing Agencies Conclusion
What is Homologation and Why it is Important for Electric Vehicles
In motorsports, homologation is a process by which a vehicle, a racing track, or a standard item must be certified to race in a particular league or series. In straightforward words, the most common way of testing and confirmation for adherence to specialized principles is known as type endorsement. The guidelines that must be followed are established by the sanctioning organization for the series. Homologation is the process by which the vehicle is given official approval once it meets the strict requirements of the company.
Why it is important for EVs?
In essence, homologation tests guarantee that the electric vehicle complies with the Central Motor Vehicle Regulations in terms of roadworthiness, emissions, and safety for the Indian market. The following points are included in the homologation procedure for electric vehicles: System approval (such as braking mechanisms), component fittings for the vehicle (such as electric/electronic sub-assemblies, car audio systems), and whole vehicle type approval (WVTA)/Vehicle certification test are all examples of component approval. A system approval will be issued by the relevant authority for each phase in accordance with the relevant CMVR (Central Motor Vehicle Rules). The testing organization issues the report for approval as the basis for the homologation certificate once all approvals have been collected.
Cost of Vehicle (including EV) Homologation in India?
The price of homologation varies by vehicle type. It typically costs around Rs. Depending on the number of roadworthiness tests required, two-wheelers cost between Rs 3 and 5 lakh and three-wheelers cost between Rs 10 and 15 lakh. Furthermore, the international average for the homologation process is three months.
Vehicle Homologation Process?
Before any vehicle including electric vehicles can be sold or marketed, it must undergo homologation. The procedure for electric vehicle homologation is as follows: All vehicle components, such as lamps, mirrors, tires, and the battery, must be examined and validated. After the electric car’s components have been checked, the components’ fit in the vehicle will be evaluated. This comprises components such as the automotive audio system, electronic sub-assemblies, and so on. Following the testing and approval of component fitment in the vehicle, the vehicle’s systems are the next step. Braking, exhaust emission, engine cooling, fuel supply, suspension, and steering systems must all be tested for proper operation. Approval is granted if they meet the requirements of the tests completed. The Whole Vehicle Type Approval (WVTA) test is the final test to be performed before any vehicle is approved to be sold and marketed. ‘Vehicle Certification Test’ is another name for it. The relevant authority verifies every component of the vehicle that is put to the test. The manufacturer will select the authority that will issue approval to the specific component following the verification process. According to each appropriate CMVR (Central Motor Vehicle Rule), 1989, the manufacturer will issue a system approval. The relevant authority’s approval is conditional on the specific component passing the test developed by the officially recognized organization. All of the necessary approvals must be gathered before deciding whether or not to grant the vehicle approval. The approval given by the appropriate authorities will be valid in all of the countries listed in the approval report.
Vehicle Homologation Requirements?
Homologation not only requires compliance with a racing series’s technical guidelines (for example, engine displacement, chassis construction, suspension design, and so on), but it also frequently includes minimum levels of sales of that model to the public, to ensure that no vehicles in the competition have been designed and produced solely for the competition. Because these cars are primarily designed for racing, their use on public roads is usually a secondary design priority, as long as government restrictions are followed.
These features are frequently reversible, allowing production vehicles to be converted to racing trim. The exhaust system, for example, is frequently modified in the production vehicle to comply with regulatory requirements in the regions where the vehicle is sold. Because most production-based racing series allow some level of modification, such as the removal of exhaust systems that reduce emissions at the expense of engine performance, vehicles that were built and sold primarily to meet the homologation guidelines of a particular series are frequently designed to allow for easy modification of such components.
Homologation Testing Organization in India
In India, the following professional authorities perform automotive homologation: The Ministry of Environment and Forests is one of the professional authorities in India that performs car homologation. The Transport Divisional Council of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The Ministry of Transportation, Roads, and Highways. It is further separated into two organizations that perform distinct types of inspections, namely Emission and Safety. The Standing Committee on Implementation of Implementation Legislation performs the emission checks. The Technical Standing Committee is in charge of the safety checks. ACMA, BIS, SIAM, TMA, MoHI & PE, etc. These are all testing company
Before components can be sold or marketed for any vehicle, including electric vehicles, they must be certified by the country’s government. The procedure for approving vehicle components varies from nation to nation. The requirements for verification vary by nation. Before components are sold together in any vehicle, they must be checked. Vehicle safety, environmental protection, component quality, and manufacturing process quality are all improved by these crucial tests.