Course Content last updated on September 21, 2020
The Drone scene is becoming bigger day by day, most of the technology giants have already tried their hands with developing multirotors. Some of them like: Project Wing (Google), Amazon Prime Air, Intel® Falcon 8+, etc. Multirotors can be used for fun flying or even for spying operations more efficiently compared to other UAVs. Pocket drones to multi rotors capable of carrying even people are out there. This UAV beginners guide is intended to help you get started in this field.
Day by day, more and more advanced technologies are popping up in this field. If you are interested in making one but still confused on where to start, you can start from this UAV beginners guide.
Unmanned aerial vehicles have been around for decades, but they have achieved the greatest popularity in recent years with small commercial drones. The new so-called FPV (first person view) technology gave us a unique experience of flying and the advancement of GPS systems in drones opened a whole new world for passionate individuals.
Of course, drones are not the only RC flying devices on the market, but their agile multi-rotors and their capability to take amazing photos and record stunning videos during flight made them the most popular. That’s why commercial drones are in great demand nowadays but have you ever wondered how to build a DIY drone from scratch?
Today, there is a wide range of drones on the market, and they differ in size, design, and properties. You just need to visit some popular online stores, where the drones are being sold, and find some ready to use a model that best suits you according to its features and price.
Most people do it. On the other side, people who like do it yourself projects, enjoy building these devices from scratch. If you also like this craft, you can buy drone kits and enjoy piecing them together like a Lego puzzle.
However, the real challenge is to construct a drone from scratch without using a special kit. You would have to find the necessary pieces and imagine the drone structure yourself. So what do you say? Are you up for the task?
BASIC PARTS YOU’D NEED
Before you start making this DIY drone, you need to know which components are needed to build it; if you want it to fly, of course.
Here is a basic list of the components you’ll need in order to build yourself a drone:
- Frame: there are two possibilities when it comes to a frame for your drone. You can make it yourself or buy it in an online store, and for a wide choice of high-quality frames, we suggest checking out our article about best drone frames. If you decide to build it yourself, the project is not that difficult, but you’ll need some engineering knowledge and knowledge of the materials you are going to use. For instance, you can use metal (something light), plastic, or even wood slats. If you opt for a wooden frame, you’ll need a wood board which is about 2.5 cm thick.
- Motors: For an ordinary quad, you will need 4 motors in total, but an octocopter requires eight motors to fly. The recommendation is to use brushless motors – they are lighter on the battery and, unless you are an engineer who completely understands how a motor works, these pieces should be bought from a store. You can also get more familiar with them by reading our article about drone motors.
- ESCs or electronic speed control: these are also essential pieces of your drone as they are in charge of delivering power to the motors. Again, their number depends on the number of arms your drone is going to have.
- Propellers: When looking for the propellers, you must find the ones that match the frame of your drone. Pay attention to materials – you won’t find wooden propellers, but you must make sure the ones you choose are a good fit.
- Connectors: You will need 3.5 mm connectors to weld the motors and ESCs, as well as 4.5 mm connectors for the power distribution board.
- The power distribution board – this board connects the electronic speed controls to the battery.
- Batteries: When purchasing the batteries for your drone, you need to consider the capacity of a battery and its type. The most used batteries for this purpose are Li-Po batteries and their power differs. To have a much better insight on this topic, we strongly suggest checking out our article about drone batteries.
- Battery monitor: This is not an elementary item, but the monitor is quite useful in warning you when the batteries are close to finishing. This way you don’t risk having the drone remain out of juice in the air, over a pond.
- Mounting pad: It reduces the vibrations, and thus improves the flight. This one is very useful especially if you are trying to take pictures or videos with your DIY drone.
- Controller- This device shares the power and commands the motors at the same time.
- RC receiver: Of course that, if you have a transmitter (which is usually with you), you’ll also have a receiver mounted on the drone.
- Camera: If you want to take aerial photos and record the surroundings while flying your drone, you will need a camera. The best cameras are those that can take the quality 4K videos, but everyone will find one according to its needs. For the high-quality photos and videos, you’ll also need a gimbal for the camera.
- USB key: It is necessary to save the photos and videos.
These are the most important parts that every drone must contain in order to work and fly.
Aside from the above-mentioned parts, you will also need AWG silicone wires, a battery charger, Servo lead wire cables, zip ties, 3M command strips, thread locking compounds, etc. In addition to these components, you can also embed other accessories to your drone and make it more advanced.
|MAKING THE FRAME|
|PROPELLERS, ELECTRONIC SPEED CONTROLLERS, AND MOTORS|
|ASSEMBLY OF MOTORS|
|ELECTRONIC SPEED CONTROLLERS|
|RC TX-RX (WIRELESS REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM)|
|CONNECTING THE OPEN PILOT TO YOUR DRONE|
|CHECK OUT AND TEST YOUR DRONE|
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